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词汇精选:escape的用法和辨析

作者: 河北教育网 更新时间: 2019年10月11日 06:51:28 游览量: 117

简述:

一、详细释义: n. 逃跑,逃脱(+from/out of);逃跑工具 [U,C] 例句: The jailbird cast about him for a way of escape. 囚犯在他周围寻找逃跑的途径。 例句: He tried to think up a plan for escape. 他企图想

一、详细释义:


n.

逃跑,逃脱(+from/out of);逃跑工具 [U,C]


例句:

The jailbird cast about him for a way of escape.

囚犯在他周围寻找逃跑的途径。


例句:

He tried to think up a plan for escape.

他企图想出一个逃跑的计划。


漏出(+from/out of) [U,C]


例句:

Can you detect an escape of gas in this corner of the room?

你能觉察出这屋角有煤气漏出来吗?


逃避(现实),解闷 [U]


例句:

He feigned death to escape capture.

他装死以逃避被俘。


例句:

As this exposure of his plot to escape, Paul was startled out of impassivity.

保罗听到他的逃避计划给挑明了,从冷漠状态中猛地惊醒过来。


例句:

Many drinkers plunge gladly into inebriation as an escape from reality.

很多饮酒者乐于陷入到醉酒状态中以逃避现实。


例句:

She reads love stories as an escape.

她读爱情小说解闷。


v.

逃跑,逃脱(+from) [I]


例句:

They made no attempt to escape.

他们并未图谋逃跑.


例句:

The prisoners used the tunnel to escape from jail.

囚犯们利用这条地道越狱逃跑了。


避免(+from/out of) [I]


例句:

Two were injured, but he escaped.

两人受了伤,但他幸免了。


漏出,流出(+from/out of) [I]


例句:

Gas escaping from a pipe.

煤气从管子泄漏出来。


例句:

Water escaped rapidly from the drainpipe.

水从排水管中迅速流出。


逃避,逃脱,避免(+v-ing) [T]


例句:

He feigned death to escape capture.

他装死以逃避被俘。


例句:

He thinks he will never escape hard work.

他想他永远逃避不了辛苦的工作。


没有被……注意到,被……忘掉 [T]


例句:

It was an actor whose name escapes me for the moment.

那个男演员的名字我一时想不起来了。


例句:

Blonde and slender, she was too striking to escape their attention.

金发细腰的她太引人注目了,他们很难不注意到她。


(语言,微笑等)不禁由(人的口里)流露出来 [T]


例句:

After her attentive survey of the wild slopes and hollow ravines a gesture of impatience escaped Eustacia.

游苔沙把荒凉的高坡和低狭的空谷都聚精会神地观察了一番之后,一种不耐烦的神态不知不觉地流露出来。


二、词义辨析:


escape,flee,fly,get away,run away

这些动物或短语动词都有“逃跑、逃脱”之意。 escape侧重逃跑的结果,不强调逃跑时的匆忙或危险情况。 flee书面用词,侧重指逃跑时动作匆忙,多含惧怕之意。 fly含义与flee相同,但系非正式用词。 get away口语用语。侧重指犯罪分子从现场逃跑或被捕时逃走。 run away口语用语,强调动作迅速。


三、词义辨析:


escape,avoid

这两个动词都有“躲避危险”之意。 escape多指避开实际的威胁,暗示威胁或危险正在迫近。 avoid侧重有意识地躲避开要冒险或有危险的事物或情况。


四、相关短语:


escape from

逃脱,逃离


escape hatch

n. 出口,出路


escape valve

n. 放出阀


escape velocity

n. 逃逸速度


fire escape

防火梯


escape mechanism

逃避机理


escape wheel

擒纵轮


narrow escape

九死一生, 幸免于难


一、参考例句:


Escape the office.

逃离办公室。


Escape to the great outdoors.

逃到远离喧嚣的户外去。


None of them could escape.

他们谁也跑不了。


They made no attempt to escape.

他们并未图谋逃跑。


We were lucky to escape being punished.

我们很幸运,没有受罚。


His attempt to escape was foiled.

他逃亡的企图遭到挫败。


No offender can escape punishment by law.

没有罪犯能逃脱法律的惩罚。


Can you escape from a Black Hole?

你能从黑洞里逃走吗?


They dissociate themselves to escape trauma.

他们借助自我分裂来逃避创伤。


The prisoners attempted to escape but failed.

囚犯们企图,逃跑,但失败了。